Hass.io on a Raspberry Pi with USB SSD Boot
My Home Assistant setup recently died due to the SDCard finally giving up after 3 years of continual use. Thankfully I had a relatively recent snapshot of my setup so getting up and running again was mostly painless. However this time I invested in an SSD and converting my setup to boot from that.
- Raspberry PI 3
- SATA to USB adaptor
- SDCard (for enabling USB boot)
Create snapshot (for existing setups)
First take a snapshot from the UI. Follow SuburbanNerd’s guide for more information on this topic.
Getting the PI ready for USB Boot
Changing PI to boot from USB uses one-time programmable (OTP) memory. Once this bit has been set, you cannot unset it. That being said you can still boot from an SDCard, it just opens up the possibility to boot from USB devices too.
Following the steps from Stefan on the Home Assistant forums the process is relatively straight forward.
First download and install Raspberry PI OS onto an SDCard using a tool such as balena etcher. Once flashed, place the SDCard into the PI and power it on.
Note: if your Pi is running in headless mode, make sure to create file called
ssh within the
/boot partition of the install.
Now lets enable the PI for USB boot, Opening up a terminal or via SSH (user:
echo program_usb_boot_mode=1 | sudo tee -a /boot/config.txt
Once booted, connect back in and check if the OTP has been programmed correctly.
vcgencmd otp_dump | grep 17:
It should output something like
17: 3020000 indicating this was successful.
Prepare the SSD
Download the latest compatible Hass.io install for your device.
Connect the SSD to the SATA to USB adaptor and connect this to your PC.
Use a tool such as balena etcher to flash the Hass.io install to the SSD.
Once flashed, disconnect and connect this to the PI, ensuring that the SDCard is removed.
Power on the PI and wait for it to boot.
Once booted it should be accessible from the network through
After Home Assistant has been installed you will be greeted by a screen prompting you to setup.
If you are coming from an existing install you will be able to provide the snapshot downloaded in an earlier step. Finally now wait for the device to reload your existing configuration. This can take a while to do, for me I noticed it took around 20 minutes to restore the device to it’s previous state.